Phrase of the Month kindly provided by George Redgrave:
If amateur photographers force their models into awkward poses and postures it is because the “natural” is a cultural ideal which must be created before it can be captured.
Pierre Bourdieu “Photography – A Middle Brow Art” 1965 (English translation Polity Press 1990) page 81
Paul Strand avoids the picturesque, the panoramic, and tries to find a city in a street, wthe way of life of a nation in the corner of a kitchen.
John Berger (ed Geoff Dyer) “Understanding a Photograph” Penguin 2013 page 43
I’ve always been drawn to visually complex photographs. Many of my early photographs contain more than one element, have more than one point of focus. As the years have passed they’ve become even more complex.
Alex Scott “On Street Photography and the Poetic Imagze” Aperture 2014
Paul Strand avoids the picturesque, the panoramic and tries to find a city in a street, the way of life of a nation in the corner of a kitchen.
John Berger “Understanding a Photograph” page 43. An anthology of his work edited by Geoff Dyer and published by Aperture in 20
A photographer, through the choice of the instant photographed, may try to persuade the viewer to lend that instant a pat and a future.
John Berger “Understanding a Photograph” Aperture 2013 page 75 (Original essay “Appearances” 1982)
The media often seek to render the photograph unambiguous and to link the excess of signifier to one sole signified. The most vulgar of these is the caption, since it is a statement of the insufficiency which it is designed to alleviate.
Pierre Bourdieu “Photography – a Middle-brow Art” Polity Press 1990 (English translation) Original French edition 1965
One of the last vestiges of urban politeness is the detour that pedestrians make around tourists photographing their friends.
American Photography – Vicki Goldberg & Robert Silberman, Chronicle Books 1999 page 19
The creation of a photograph, like the writing of a diary, can be a personal experience which is rewarding on its own terms. If there is a certain self-indulgence to this endeavour there is also a fundamental honesty which gives the work validity and historical significance.
Clark Worswick “An Edwardian Observer – The photographs of Leslie Hamilton Wilson” Penwick 1978
When photographers take pictures they hold mental models in their minds, models that are the result of the prodding of insight, conditioning and comprehension of the world. At one extreme the model is rigid and ossified, bound by an accumulation of its conditionin … At the other extreme, the model is supple and fluid.
Stephen Shore “The Nature of Photographs” Johns Hopkins UP 1998 page 78
“Mrs Cameron was an ardent believer in lack of sharpness … and that sharpness of focus was not, as photographers believed, the acme of photographic work.”
Obituary of Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-79) in “The Photographic News” quoted at an exhibition of her work at the Science Museum London (24/09/15-28/03/16)
The “natural” is a cultural ideal which must be created before it can be captured.
Pierre Bourdieu, Photography – a Middle-brow Art Polity Press 1990 (English translation) Original French edition 1965
In conferring on photography a guarantee of realism society is merely confirming itself in the certainty that an image of the real which is true to its representation of objectivity is really objective.
Pierre Bourdieu “Photography – A Middle-brow Art” (In French 1965) English translation Polity Press 1990
The photographic image turns a piece of paper into a seductive illusion or a moment of truth and beauty.
Stephen Shore “The Nature of Photographs” Johns Hopkins University Press 1998 page 78
Pictures exist on the mental level that may be co-incident with the depictive level – what the picture is showing but does not mirror it.
Stephen Shore “The Nature of Photography” Johns Hopkins UP 1998, page 17
Much photography of the city has viewed it, and continues to view it, in terms of the bizarre, even the surreal. The photographer roams the city in search of the strange.
Graham Clarke “The Photograph” Oxford UP 1997 Page 83
The quality and intensity of a photographer’s attention leave their imprint on the mental level of the photograph.
Stephen Shore “The Nature of Photographs” Johns Hopkins UP 1998 page 65
The photograph is free of limits, just as its subject matter is infinite. The ‘moment’ is thus its greatest asset, for the moment is also unique, and it is the moment that the photograph brings into focus.
Graham Clarke “The Photograph” OxfordUP 1997 page 215
“The ‘Amateur Photographer’ (magazine) shows quite clearly one of the ways in which stereotypes are created, in this instance showing an emasculated view of the world in which any social or political reality has been removed.”
Terry Dennett & Jo Spence in “Representative Photography”
The theory of signs, inspired by Charles S Pierce, seems outmoded regarding the binary coding of photographic contingency.
Hubertus von Amelunxen “Cafe Creme” No 17 1996 page 32
Brassai (Gyula Halasz) took up photography on his thirtieth birthday in 1929. He said, “It was becoming urgent because I had no more room inside me for the pictures I’d accumulated – mainly during my nocturnal wanderings in Paris.”
“Brasai” Diane Poirier (Flammarion 2005)
The private photograph is treated and valued today as if it were the materialisation of that glimpse through the window which looked across history toward that which was outside time.
John Berger “Appearances” in an essay which is collected in “Understanding a Photograph” by John Berger edited by Geoff Dyer (page 68) Aperture 2013
Gary Winogrand’s stated motive, that he took photographs to see how things looked when they have been photographed, can be seen to have inspired a generation of photographers.
American Images: Photography 1945-1980, Penguin 1985, Peter Turner (Ed.) page 125
When you focus a lens it’s blurred just in front and just behind. It’s very pretty just a little in front and just a little behind. It’s too sharp when exactly focussed. Beauty is killed by precision.
Jaques Henri Lartigue 1927 (Exhibition of the work of Lartigue, Hayward Gallery London 2004)
Hampton Sides, introduction to “The Polar Bear Waltz” page 5
Really good photographers aren’t like you and me. They perceive the world differently. They catch things, subtle situations, funny contrasts, strange plays of light – that others would miss.
Hampton Sides, introduction to “The Polar Bear Waltz” page 5
Photography’s a kind of sport, like plucking butterflies out of the air. One has to be quick. I was a champion at tennis so I’ve got a sharp eye.
Jacques-Henri Lartigue 1937
“To measure the light when calculating their exposure time, early photographers would monitor the relative dilation in the eyes of pet cats.”
David Yorath “Photography – a crash course” Silverdale Books 2003 page 100
“The field of speculation on future technology is strewn with writers choking as they try to eat their past words.”
Tim Hughes, Cyclists’ Touring Club magazine Feb/Mar 1999
The subjects of most amateur photographers come from the Impressionists: pictures of gardens, little houses, holidays…
Christian Boltanski “Creative Camera” May 1992
Benjamin Brecknall Turner has treated the sky as if it’s as solid as the building; the reason is he has a big camera and he saw the world upside down…the sky was as important as the stone.
Martin Haworth-Booth – caption to a photograph of Whitby Abbey at an exhibition at the Victoria & Albert Museum 2003
In Tony Ray-Jones’s work… The gaps between the components of the image have as big a role to play as the main subject matter itself. He often pushes the subject to the edge of the frame to establish a tension in the balance of the photograph, yet one that works perfectly. These are the distinguishing features of a most eloquent and poetic eye.
Martin Parr “Only in England”… Photographs by Tony Ray-Jones and Martin Parr, Science Museum London 21 Sept 2013 – 16 March 2014
Photography, as used in conceptual art, enabled artists to connect with the banal subject matter of the “everyday” .
David Brittain in the introduction to “Creative Camera – Thirty Years of Writing” Manchester UP 2000
I do not pose people, I poise people.
Gary Winogrand and Lee Friedlander discovered from snapshots how the eccentricities of amateur picture taking – the awkward gestures, the uncomposed views – could be a style in itself when adopted deliberately.
Eyewitness – 150 Years of Photojournalism, Richard Lacayo pages 166-7 TimeLife Books 1998
“The central act of photography, the act of choosing and eliminating, forces a concentration on the picture’s edge – the line that separates in from out – and on the shapes that are created by it.”
John Szarkowski “The Photographers’ Eye” Secker & Warburg (US ed 1966, UK ed 1980) page 9 col B
The photograph acts as a catalyst, exciting mental activity which exceeds that which the photograph itself provides.
Victor Burgin “Thinking Photography” Macmillan 1982 page 9
Jeff Wall divides photographers into two camps, hunters and farmers, the former tracking down and capturing images, the latter cultivating them over time.
Charlotte Cotton “The Photograph as Contemporary Art” Thames & Hudson 2009 page 49
Members of photographic clubs seek to ennoble themselves culturally by attempting to ennoble photography, a substitute within their range and grasp for the higher arts.
Pierre Bourdieu “Photography – a middle-brow art” 1965 (English translation 1990 Polity Press, Cambridge page 9)
Through the snapshot the “everyday” becomes a space of performance.
Joanna Lowry “Creative Camera” Aug – Sept 1997 page 279
Forget the camera, forget the lens, forget all of that. With any four-dollar camera, you can capture the best picture.
Alberto Korda – the photographer who took the iconic picture of Che Guevara
The photographic apparatus lies in wait for photography, it sharpens its teeth in readiness. This readiness to spring into action on the part of the apparatus, its similarity with a wild animal, is something to grasp hold of.
Vilem Flusser “Towards a Philosophy of Photography” 1983, English translation – Reaktion Books 2000 page 21
“It is important to recognise that both sharp and blurred photographs are constructs. Both are versions of experience, evidence of the fact that photography fabricates as much as it records. Neither is more true or more real.”
From the Heart: The Power of Photography – A Collector’s Choice by Adam D. Weinberg and Mark Haworth-Booth Aperture 1998 page 18
I find that the profession of photography gives a certain sharpness to visual observation. It gives one a clearer visionary sense than that of the average person, whose perception is generally somewhat dulled by watching too much television.
Robert Doisneau “Dialogue with Photography, interviews with Paul Hill & Thomas Cooper” page 77 pub. Dewi Lewis 1998
Not through the technique at his command but through his vision of the world does the photographer create pictures of significance and lasting value.
Beaumont NewhallÂ “Focus: The Memoirs of a life in Photography” Little Brown 1993 (Quoting himself from US Camera 1937)
John Urry described ‘the tourist gaze’ which ensures a separation between the one who does the looking, assumed to be familiar and like ‘us’, and that which is looked at, assumed to be different and strange.
Liz Wells “Photography – A Critical Introduction” Routledge, London 1997
Merely by announcing its subject, the photograph grants both meaning and significance. The banal, the marginal, the momentary, are given status within an assumed cultural register.
Graham Clarke “The Photograph” Oxford UP 1997 page 22
Peter Galassi has highlighted Cartier-Bresson’s surrealist strategy of depaysement – ‘to uproot an ordinary fact or incident from its expected spatial or narrative context, thus revealing a hidden poetic force.’ Such dislocation and discontinuity for Galassi transforms ‘the ordinary incident into an image of rapture’.
Mark Durden “Creative Camera” February/March 1998
Much of the new photography underlines the extent to which the landscape is very much bound by an atmosphere of melancholy, just as in our own snapshots of scenes we invest them with a personal dimension which records a lost past. The moment, not so much the scene, is retained.
Graham Clarke “The Photograph” Oxford UP 1997
“The reason that camera clubs have been irrelevant to the growth of photography as the most powerful medium of visual communication ever used is that they are primarily concerned with the production of pretty images, not with revealing the truth about the picture’s content.”
Bill Jay, “Creative Camera” September 1971 (Collected in “Creative Camera – 30 years of writing” edited by David Brittain, Manchester University Press 1999)
“The zeal with which photography is pursued in all circles today indicates that those with no knowledge of it will be the illiterates of the future.”
LÃ¡szlÃ³ Moholy-Nagy Dutch magazine, i10, article 1927 English translation in “Photography in the Modern Era”Â Ed: Christopher Phillips, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 1989
Ray Moore preferred subjects on the edge of civilisation where there were traces of human existence. He described his main subject as the no man’s land between the real and the fantasy – the mystery in the commonplace – the uncommonness of the commonplace.
From the notes to the Royal Academy exhibition of photography 1839-1989 – 12 British Contemporaries
“A photograph gives us the naked truth which must be clothed by the imagination.”
Frank Meadow Sutcliffe
“One of the pictorial devices used in tableau photography to engender anxiety or uncertainty about the meaning of an image is to depict figures with their faces turned away from us, leaving their character unexplained.”
Charlotte Cotton The Photograph as Contemporary Art Thames & Hudson 2004 (rev ed 2009)
Although at times Ray Moore photographed areas of outstanding natural beauty, he preferred subjects “on the edge of civilisation” where there were traces of human existence. He described his main subject as the, “no man’s land between the real and the fantasy – the mystery in the commonplace – the uncommonness of the commonplace.”
Mark Haworth-Booth “British Contemporaries”Â in “The Art of Photography 1839-1989” Royal Academy of Arts London
“You photograph something for its own qualities but in photographing it there’s something in that thing that evokes a stream of consciousness about something that is not directly related to that thing Ã¢â‚¬Â¦ the forms become equivalent to memories, to something subconsciously felt.”
Beaumont Newhall defining the “Equivalent” quoted by Wynn Bullock in “Dialogue with Photography” Eds. Paul Hill and Thomas Cooper 1979
“The casual snapshot aesthetic was associated with the Beat generation of the 1950s, whose members made a virtue of imperfection … Snapshots also lend themselves to diaristic and confessional modes of photography.”
Photospeak Gilles Mora Abbeville Press, New York 1998
“The caption can be seen as an anchor to the meaning of a photograph. The political importance of their use is in opposing the concealed determinates of the free reading of an image by the provision of a specific social meaning which can resist the distortions of contextualisation. The caption, actual or implied, is often the entry into the picture.”
John Stezaker, Fragments Photographers’ Gallery London 1978
A photograph is not just an image but an “image act”, encompassing not only its production but also its reception and contemplation … This concept encouraged many French photographers to practice “photobiography”.
Gilles Mora, “Photospeak” Abbeville Press 1998, page 145
“Philip Stokes said of the experience of looking at other people’s family albums, “In every dreary litany there is an instant when a window opens onto a scene of fascination that stops the eye and seizes the mind, filling it with questions or simply joy.”
Quoted by Liz Wells in, “Photography – A Critical Introduction” Routledge 1997 page 44
“It could be argued that photography has the function of helping one to overcome the sorrow of the passing of time, either by providing a magical substitute for what time has destroyed, or by making up for the failure of memory, acting as a mooring for the evocation of associated memories, in short by providing a sense of conquest of time as a destructive power.”
Pierre Bourdieu “Photography, a middle-brow art” 1965 (English translation Polity Press 1990)
“For Henri Cartier-Bresson, the decisive moment was not when he pressed the shutter button but when he viewed the contact sheets.”
Prof. Paul Hill De Montfort University Leicester . (Talk October 2009)
“The knowing portraitee adopts a pose which anticipates the representational image and takes account of the fact that this piece of paper will outlast the actual person who is the subject of the portrait, becoming the “flat death” which both exposes that which has been and precedes actual death.”
Roland Barthes “Camera Lucida” (English edition 1981)
“Such images (of sunlight on the walls of her home), of course, are of a piece with the drama that unfolds in a darkened chamber where the Cartesian subject is born: photography re-stages in an allegorical register, the illumination of a self conceived almost literally as refracted or projected light.” Brian Dillon, writing about the photographer Uta Barth, in “Portfolio” magazine #48 (December 2008) page 42.
“The notion that photography might be creative was confined primarily to the entrenched bastion of the amateur club, with their ‘rules of thirds’, annual salons, and circuit judges of formidably narrow minds.”
and the ensuing childish results offer the vastest possibilities for innocent amusement and practical exploitation by advertisers,
camera clubs, photographic year books, salons and prizes.”
As its best photography appearsnot to be characterised by the absence of stereotypes but a kind of hesitation between them.
John Stezaker ‘Fragments’ 1978.
Although photography is intimately linked to the passage of time, to mutability and alienation, it also promises escape into permanence with moments able to last for ever.
John Taylor “A Dream of England” – Manchester Univ Press.
The umbilical cord linking the photograph to its referent has been well and truly broken.
Jane Fletcher – “Portfolio” No. 42 page 10
Towards a Philosophy of Photography
“Be explicit to yourself of what your criteria are”.
Lecturer in History of Photography – University of Exeter
Sally Mann said:
“My new work is far less iconic, less stylised. The photographs are filled with the detritus of every day life.”
We attempt to emulate her.